Advanced Energy Perspectives

THIS IS ADVANCED ENERGY: Onshore Wind Power

Posted by Caitlin Marquis

Mar 1, 2017 10:01:00 AM

This post is one in a series featuring the complete slate of advanced energy technologies outlined in the report This Is Advanced Energy

wind-energy-by-marcy-kellar.jpg

Wind turbines convert the kinetic energy of wind into electricity. With more than 46,000 operating turbines totaling over 62 GW of wind capacity, the United States ranks first globally in wind power generation and second in installed capacity. Large-scale turbines typical of wind farms range in size from 100 kW to several MW each, while distributed wind turbines range from a few hundred watts to about 100 kW, and typically power homes, farms, or small businesses. The upwind three-blade design dominates the industry for large-scale wind, while some smaller turbines feature novel designs.

Read more

Topics: This Is Advanced Energy

THIS IS ADVANCED ENERGY: Natural Gas Vehicles

Posted by Caitlin Marquis

Feb 21, 2017 11:04:00 AM

This post is one in a series featuring the complete slate of advanced energy technologies outlined in the report This Is Advanced Energy

5.6 CNG-LNG-Vehicles-credit-Ford-Motor-Company-290881-edited.jpg

Natural gas vehicles (NGVs) are internal combustion engine vehicles designed to run on either Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) or Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG). There are three basic categories of NGVs: dedicated, bi-fuel, and dual-fuel. Dedicated NGVs are the most efficient as they are designed from the ground up to run only on natural gas. In contrast, both bi-fuel and dual-fuel NGVs have two separate tanks, one for natural gas and another for diesel or gasoline. Bi-fuel NGVs can run on either natural gas or a petroleum fuel (either diesel or gasoline), switching automatically when one fuel runs out. Bi-fuel technology is typically used in light-duty vehicles. Dual-fuel NGVs run on a mixture of natural gas and diesel. They rely mostly on natural gas, but use a small amount of diesel to aid in fuel ignition. Dual-fuel NGVs are more expensive, but their higher efficiency makes them an attractive option for heavy-duty vehicles. Most NGVs rely on less-expensive CNG, but some vehicles used for long-haul trucking run on LNG because its higher energy density increases driving range.

Read more

Topics: This Is Advanced Energy

THIS IS ADVANCED ENERGY: Water Conservation

Posted by Caitlin Marquis

Feb 15, 2017 3:23:21 PM

This post is one in a series featuring the complete slate of advanced energy technologies outlined in the report This Is Advanced Energy

drought-california-water-energy-pixabay-079866-edited.jpg

As droughts and population growth have sharpened the focus on water use, water efficiency solutions have emerged across multiple sectors and technologies. The following is an overview of some key solutions for efficient water use:

Read more

Topics: This Is Advanced Energy

THIS IS ADVANCED ENERGY: Geothermal Power

Posted by Caitlin Marquis

Feb 7, 2017 6:03:52 PM

This post is one in a series featuring the complete slate of advanced energy technologies outlined in the report This Is Advanced Energy

Geothermal_Power_Plants.jpg

Geothermal power taps into the high-temperature hydrothermal resources of the earth to generate electricity. There are three main types of geothermal technologies: dry steam, ash steam, and binary. Dry steam plants withdraw steam directly to drive a turbine. Flash steam, the most common geothermal technology used today, pumps high-temperature geothermal fluids at high pressure into a low-pressure tank, which causes the fluids to vaporize (or “ ash”) so they can be used to drive a turbine. A binary cycle is a closed-loop process where low-temperature geothermal fluids are used to heat a second fluid with a low boiling point (e.g., refrigerants or propane), which in turn drives a turbine. Binary cycle power plants are expected to dominate future markets because low-temperature resources are more plentiful and generally easier to access. 

Read more

Topics: This Is Advanced Energy

THIS IS ADVANCED ENERGY: Hydrogen Vehicles

Posted by Caitlin Marquis

Feb 1, 2017 6:00:37 PM

This post is one in a series featuring the complete slate of advanced energy technologies outlined in the report This Is Advanced Energy

5.4_Hydrogen_Vehicles.jpg

Hydrogen vehicles are either fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) or internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles designed to burn hydrogen instead of gasoline. FCVs are actually electric vehicles in which the electricity is produced on board by fuel cells — electrochemical devices that convert hydrogen and oxygen (in the air) directly into electricity without combustion. Pure hydrogen gas is stored onboard the vehicle in pressurized tanks or other means. FCVs can be refilled within 10 minutes at a hydrogen fueling station. FCVs have a range of approximately 300 miles, similar to conventional ICE vehicles, and produce only water as a byproduct. There has also been some development of hydrogen-fueled ICE vehicles, which offer high fuel efficiency and very low tailpipe emissions.

Read more

Topics: This Is Advanced Energy

About

Advanced Energy Perspectives is AEE's blog presenting news, analysis, and commentary on creating an advanced energy economy. Join the conversation!

Subscribe to Email Updates

Recent Posts